Choosing Where to Live in Spain
People ask us often how we chose where to live in Spain. Our answer is not what you would expect. There’s plenty of things we discovered after we moved here that many of us don’t know to consider when investigating where to live in Spain. In general, the notion of living anywhere in Spain is romantic and appealing for foreigners, full of images of sangria and paella, beaches and flower-drenched European balconies. Don’t be alarmed – that does exist here, yet there’s a lot of places to choose from and important things about a location that you just can’t discover until you’re here (or know someone who’s already been living here, like us). If you’re any bit curious about moving to Spain (and even for visiting this is helpful), let us share with you what we’ve learned first-hand so you can quickly and more easily feel at home here.
Above Image – Rooftop of our first apartment in Valencia’s historic center.
Where to Live in Spain? Know Yourself!
This goes beyond ‘self-love’ stuff, although that’s super good too and you obviously already love yourself quite well if you’re coming to Spain! We’re talking about the practical task of prioritizing your preferences about what kind of place you want to live. There’s a lot of factors to consider and the bottom line is, you’ve got to know yourself; pay attention to your motivations and the things you really want. Some people think that because they’re moving to another country, they need to settle for discomforts and less-than-ideal situations. But we think that does not have to be the case.
You’ll already have enough change going on with moving to a new place and new culture, so do what you can to create a comforting, secure, delightful home in Spain for yourself.
We each had our own individual motivations. Amalia has dual nationality with Spain and the US, but has never lived full time in Spain. Her family history from Asturias, Spain, is a passion of hers and she feels connected to the country through her heritage. For Eric, the motivation is his love for travel and his dream to live abroad and spend more time on the Mediterranean Sea. Both of us had been to Spain before and since moving here, have naturally felt at home.
Our decision to first live in Valencia, Spain was driven by personal and lifestyle priorities and desires that we shared as a couple. Some may think that as a couple it’s more complicated, but it doesn’t have to be. Even as a single moving to Spain, think about how important it is for you that family and friends can conveniently visit. So for example, do you need to be close to a major airport or not?
Neither one of us had ever visited Valencia and we liked the idea that we would first experience it together as a couple. Good to also note, we’re obviously the kind of people who are willing to move somewhere ‘site unseen’. But keep in mind, we were not buying a property as part of our move and we were open and able to move locations after several months.
Here’s a simple list of what our priorities were. We encourage you to take time to make your own list as well.
- We both want to experience living on the Mediterranean Sea
- A metropolitan city with an attractive historic center
- Good public transportation so we do not have to have a car
- Affordable cost of living for housing, food, and public transportation
- A warmer climate year round – no snow!
To balance it all out, remember to be open. Moving to Spain, or living abroad in general, really teaches you a lot and can be a life changer. Heck, it should be! So realize that once you’re living here, where you choose to live and why, will evolve and change. Spain will certainly do that to you!
Where to Live in Spain – Metropolitan, Rural, or In Between?
Do you like city living or being in the countryside? Prefer home developments in a suburb like in the US? Here in Spain, they’re called urbanizaciónes (urbanizations) and smaller ones can exist within towns and not just on the outskirts. In Spain’s four largest cities – Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Seville (within that order) – you have your major historic centers which can spread out to include various neighborhoods (barrios) and even more varied architecture. These metropolitan areas also tend to have ‘suburban-like’ sprawl around the outskirts, which we personally think are less appealing, yet can be more affordable.
City living here can be much like city living in the US, but with better public transportation. We discovered living in Valencia though that this can mean more buses which means more exhaust and air pollution; a common issue in cities world-wide. Our favorite thing about the cities in Spain is that they don’t only have a vast amount of beautiful parks, but also quaint, historic squares and plazas. In Valencia we love the Turia Park and lesser-known plazas like Plaza del Carmen and Plaza del San Lorent (Placa del Carme and Placa de Sant Llorenc in Valenciana language). And in Madrid, is our favorite park in Spain, el Parque de el Retiro.
Above Image – Hidden bridges inMadrid’s El Parque Retiro.
Above Image – Sunset inland of the town of Denia, south of Valencia.
If you love the countryside, then you’ll have plenty of space to pick from. Spain’s rural areas are extensive and magically beautiful. In Spanish, they refer to the countryside as ‘rural‘ and have terms like ‘casas rurales‘, referring to country houses that are usually vacation rentals. For us, these areas differ from the countryside in the US because Spain as a country is so much older, leaving ancient ruins and historical charm even in the smallest of villages and among nature. In these areas today, there can be good utilities and services, but prepare yourself for possible old-world living and amenities. We’re talking donkey-drawn carts on the road and people riding on horseback through town as a regular way of life. It can also tend be very quiet, with few public activities or people to engage with.
Keep in mind that many of the small, rural villages in Spain today are becoming ghost towns. There are many that have already been abandoned because the younger generations move to the cities for education and work and the older generations pass away. Because of this happening, there are actually communities in Spain that will give incentives and support for coming to live in their village or, more commonly, even put an entire village up for sale. Something of an opportunity to consider.
If you’re concerned about access to internet, you’ll be happy to hear that even many remote and small villages can get good internet now. Amalia’s mother lives in the very small village of Higuera la Real in Extremadura and even in the very old renovated home they have, they have great WiFi. The thing to keep in mind is whether or not you have to set up the internet provider yourself or if a place already comes with it connected. This applies just as much to living in the city, sometimes more so, because it’s dealing with providers that can be a hassle.
We feel the lay of the land here is slightly different than in the US, where the ‘in between’ are the suburbs and we sure didn’t want that. But we discovered that here in Spain we love the towns that are not as big as a city or as small as the villages can be. And now we can speak from experience with them all.
We lived in downtown Denver in the US and thought that we would always want to live in a bustling city center. Well, Spain changed that for us. Within our first year here, we lived in the historic center of the city of Valencia, then made our way just south to live for 6 months right on a beach in the tiny, tiny village of Xeraco, and have now made our way to the place we know is our Spain homebase – Denia. All in all, Valencia and the region as a whole was a great place to start, because as if today we’re still only about a 2-hour drive from the city.
Learn More About Living in Spain
Enjoy our #LivingInSpain series.
Where to Live in Spain? Architecture and Housing.
What’s great about Spain is that cities have amazingly historic centers with beautiful, old-world architecture. Many times, even ancient ruins have been preserved with functional display among everyday residences, commercial and government buildings. Even small towns and villages are similar in this. So either way you choose regarding city or countryside, you have tons of options to be around historic architecture. Which is typically what a lot of people want when moving to Spain and others parts of Europe.
If you want a blend of both beautifully renovated historic architecture and modern design, it’s more common and easier to find in the cities. Although, we have seen some in those ‘in between’ towns we referred to. If you’re looking to build your home here, then you can of course have both in either place. Countryside areas can be where you turn a mill or fortress outpost several hundred years old, into your beautifully renovated home-sweet-home.
BUT! Be aware that in the cities, as well as smaller towns and villages, there are these apartment buildings and developments dispersed even among historic areas and architecture. They’re those monstrosities of fading, random colors and design where you just wonder to yourself – What were they thinking when they built these? Were they on crack? – and it is obvious that there wasn’t much, if any, planning regulations over the decades, nor does there continue to be for the most part. Sadly enough, this is rampant along the Mediterranean Coast of Spain and especially the further south one goes into the Costa del Sol.
Above Image – The Spanish-tiled casita with arches was one of our recent homes on the beach for 6 months in Playa de Xeraco. Notice the style of the buildings all around it though.
The 60’s and 70’s seems to have given rise to these and they vary from high-rise to low-rise squares, packing in apartments that actually may be referred to some here as ‘modern’ (so be weary when someone in Spain claims that). While some nowadays have been updated nicely, they can tend to be poorly constructed and ill-equipped. Make sure when scoping out a place before arriving in Spain, to pay attention to the interior and exterior pictures and the location, and the building as a whole if it’s an apartment.
While many may also say that the ‘newer’ style buildings are more affordable, we have actually found that many times they are not. It depends on the location and the time of year that you get in on a lease. We lived in a great apartment in Valencia’s historic center that had an amazing location, was in a historic building, and was tastefully updated with a true modern kitchen and bathroom. It had charming old-world features like the balconies and bay windows, yet newer dark wood floors and well-working air conditioning. Not only was it hundreds of dollars less per month than our stand alone house in downtown Denver, but we got a great deal and price simply because we asked the owner and were looking to rent for longer than 1 month.
From there, our other homes here have continued to be hundreds cheaper per month than in the US, including less expensive utilities, and the homes have been charming and well-updated. Our home now is ideal; a true Spanish casita, older but wonderfully renovated and updated. It has the red Spanish tiled roof, white stucco and arches, two outdoor terraces with wooden beam ceilings and yet a modern kitchen, large windows with screens and air conditioning and heating.
One of our American friends living in Catalunya area (who also moved to Spain from Denver), put it really well. She says she didn’t come here to live in a ‘modern’ place that is newer and just like apartments in the US. Which leads us to our next consideration!
Above Image – Our first flat in Valencia’s historic center.
It never hurts to ask!
We found and processed our first flat in Valencia on AirBnB and simply asked our owners about longer accommodations. Worked great!
Above Image – Our first Spanish Casita in Denia.
Where to Live in Spain – Tourist Central, Like a Local, or Live-In Visitor?
This aspect of where to live in Spain is especially based on personal preference and lifestyle. It’s the same with traveling and visiting a place – do you want to travel as a tourist, immerse yourself in the local culture or bring your home country with you and still eat and do the same things here you would there? Maybe it’s a blend of all three? The funny thing is, there will be times when it is.
The one we think people can end up in when moving to Spain, without meaning to or wanting to, is the ‘Tourist Central’, usually when living in a city. Go to a smaller town or village and it’s pretty clear and expected that you’ll be living like a local. Yet within the cities, the historic centers can be tourist central. It’s good to be aware of this because it means more crowds and traffic, certainly more noise (especially on the numerous holidays and festivals here), and higher costs of living and touristy shops and restaurants. It simply is that way.
Now that we’ve been to Madrid for numerous visits, and become friends with locals who live and have businesses there, we notice the difference in these areas and can see that there are gorgeous, historic center neighborhoods that have that old-world charm and architecture, yet are distinctly and wonderfully inhabited by more locals than tourists. The Conde Duque neighborhood in Madridis a great example of a more local experience, whereas nearby our beloved Barrio de Las Letras is more frequented by tourists.
For where to live in Valencia, Spain
Ruzafa District in Valencia is great for living like a local!
Above Image – The Turia Park in Valencia.
Then there’s the ‘Live-In Visitor’. If this is you, you want to transplant life as you know it in your original country to Spain, with whatever additional benefits you’re coming here for. Maybe it’s the job security or pay raise for being transferred to work in Spain or you’re just so tired of the lousy weather in your home country that you desperately want more sunshine, as we see commonly (and understandably) among many British expats here.
An urbanización (suburb or housing community) may be the ideal place for you here. Particular towns along the southern coast of Spain, known as the Costa del Sol, have loads of these. Some of the most popular are the towns of Benidorm, Marbella and, for a larger city as an option, Malagaand its surrounding areas. Benidorm is especially known for having probably more British pubs serving British food than they have Spanish restaurants. English will be just as heard and spoken as Spanish, possibly more so especially in the summer high season, and your neighbors are less likely to be Spanish, so your immersion into the local culture will be limited to what you seek out beyond your neighborhood. Overall, it will be just like where you came from, to the extent that you want. Keep in mind that they’re not all like this – there are urbanizaciónes that maintain an authentic Spanish community and style.
If it sounds like we’re not keen on this particular approach to living in Spain, it’s because we’re not. But that’s our preference and we can understand and see why others would prefer it. We speak to it here so that people can be aware of the different options and learn that areas can be like this. Because for those who don’t want to be a live-in visitor, it can be easy to ‘accidentally’ end up starting in a place like this if you’re arranging your long-term housing before you come over.
Where to Live in Spain? You Can’t Go Wrong!
There are so many other factors to consider, but if we tried to cover them all we’d have you here for pages and hours more. There’s everything from living in Spain with children to retiring here, our best-kept secrets of towns and areas to consider, as well as working from here.
The good news is, here on our site over the next few months, we will be delving even more into the hot-topic of living in Spain. You’ll get to glean from what we’re learning about:
- costs of living
- quality of life
- renting and buying property
- is Spain friendly to immigrants and expats
- and even, taxes (yeah, even that!)
For the areas we’re not experienced and specialized in, we’ll bring those who are and feature great interviews along with awesome resources.
A Resourceful Little Take-Away:
A head start on questions for determining where to live in Spain.
- What’s my annual and monthly budget (remember to factor in the latest currency conversion rate)?
- Am I working from home/remotely or from an office?
- Will I need a car and do I want to afford a parking space?
- How much do I want to rely on public transportation?
- Do I want to live in a house, duplex or townhome, or an apartment?
- Is it important for me to have an elevator or lift (ascensor or elevador) in my building? Another one people forget, especially when traveling, because a lot of the older residential buildings in Spain do not have an elevator.
- Do I want a place to already come with WiFi set up or am I willing to have it connected myself?
- How big of a home do I want?
- How important is outdoor living space for me? Do I want a yard, balcony or terrace?
- What kind of neighborhood do I want to be in? Historic architecture, modern, near a park or a plaza?
- How close do I want to conveniences like supermarkets, pharmacies, banks and restaurants to be?
- How much community and social activity do I want?
- What kind of weather do I want to live with?
- Do I want to live by the sea, in the mountains, or near both? Fortunately in Spain, there’s tons of great options for living near both!
- What kind of noise levels am I willing to live with? This is a really good question to ask because Spain’s cities have some of the loudest noise levels in the world!
Written by Amalia & Eric
Founders & Producers of Move to Traveling
I’ll be moving to Espana post covid as a self funded retiree. My problem is I can live anywhere and had already looked at Denia and Altea as options as well as most of Andalucia. I know it’s a personal thing but if you have spent some time in Cadiz; Jerez, Sevilla and Cordoba I’d love to hear your thoughts about any or all of them. At some time I’ve got to choose a place to live. Important items for me as a 74yo will be weather; access to public transport, and loads of character.
A view from my front window would be very very nice as well be it sea or the local cathedral.
Hi Bob! Thanks for being on our blog. And very sorry for responding so late. We really do appreciate your comment and are getting caught up with our comments here. We have actually been to Seville and Cordoba, and I (Amalia) have been to Cadiz. We LOVE Seville. It really is charming and has good public transportation and great people. The river there is also lovely. It’s a nice size city as well, not too big and on the smaller size in regards to cities.
We considered living in Malaga actually when we first moved to Spain and yet still haven’t made it there to even visit. We loved Valencia but then fell in love with Denia. We also have observed, and others note, that in the area of Denia it can be more green, whereas Andalucia in general can be more dry and arid, although still very beautiful.
Denia is certainly a lot smaller and something else to consider is that throughout the Valencia region, you have the Valencian culture and language here. At the same time, it’s still very Spanish. But the iconic ‘Spain’ that many people think of is what you will find in Seville and throughout Andalucia.
If you really love the sea then Cadiz may be a great option, although I’ve only visited there for a short time so I don’t know it very well. It’s on the Altantic sea so the water can be colder and a bit more rough, while here in Denia the Med can be cold too but you can have some calmer water most of the time.
Really, you can’t go wrong – they’re all great places. The weather is still very nice in all places and can be similar although being on the sea you may get a good storm or two more than in say, Seville. Out of the ones you listed, I would say that perhaps Seville has the best public transport. Let us know of any other questions. We wish you the best in your search and move here.
Hola Amalia & Eric
This was a very helpful link to read. I recently visited Spain and want to move there for a while, and I’m lookin into doin this by end of March 2020. I’m a 50 veteran coming from California but I am originally from Denver. I wanna try something new. It is a Beautiful country and I’m excited about my plans. The AirB&B for a few months is a smart idea and I will look into that. I do have a few questions. What do you recommend 1st to get the ball rolling if you want to have a resident in Spain past the 3-6 months? Should I start trying to get a residential Visa here in the States? Is it hard to receive a license to drive a Motorcycle in Spain? I want to have my Bike shipped here for transportation and travel. Is it pretty difficult? Your blog is the most helpful I’ve seen so far. I have been trying to find a great area to stay once I got there so I can take advantage of the travel and lifestyle that Spain has to offer. Thank You 😄
Hi Gary. We’re so glad that you found our post helpful. That’s great that you’re considering living in Spain.
We recommend that your 1st step be to start the residency process while you’re still in the US with your area’s Spain consulate. For California, that’s either in LA or San Francisco. You need to start the process before moving here and if you come to Spain without a visa, it’s actually only 3 months (90 days) that you can be here, not 6 months. And that applies for the Schengen countries of Europe as a whole.
Once you’re here, you would need to take the Spanish driver’s test specifically for a motorcycle. Your US driver’s license will only be good for up to 6 months after moving to Spain and getting your residency. Some people never get it and continue to drive with their US license, but then you run the risk of fines if you get stopped or have an accident. Overall, the driver’s license tests in Spain are known to be a pain, more difficult, and quite expensive, averaging over €1000 by the time you’re done with classes, tests, and licensing fees. We’re not sure though what the exact costs are for getting a motorcycle license, but there’s a lot of great resources online that talk about that.
For having your bike shipped to Spain, we don’t know much but have heard from some friends who moved here last year from San Francisco that it’s a pain and so expensive that it wasn’t worth it. So he didn’t bring his motorcycle with them. We think he sold it in the US before they moved.
On a positive note, that same friend has since enjoyed many great motorcycle trips through Europe with his friends from the UK and here in Spain, and he and his wife just bought a scooter for here in town. If you want to read their story, they did a guest post for us and if you leave a comment there, they’ll be able to answer back and can maybe provide more insight. https://www.movetotraveling.com/retire-in-spain-american-couples-story-part-i/
We’ll be publishing part II of their story soon, which will go into detail about the residency application process they experienced. Could be very helpful for you so stay tuned.
Sorry that we don’t have more precise information about motorcycles in Spain, but we hope that what we can share continues to be helpful. Thanks for being here on our blog and commenting. Let us know of any other questions you have and we wish you all the best in your move to Spain.
Thank you for your website – very thorough and helpful. I’m considering moving from Denver to Valencia when I retire. Probably February 2021. Would you recommend a trip there ahead of time to rent a place, or use Spotahome or Airbnb and rent from here? I’ll probably stay 6-12 months. I’m looking forward to reading through all of your information. By the way, my daughter’s name is Amalia!
Hi Sarah! It’s wonderful to hear from you and thanks for enjoying our website. We’re so glad that you like it. And how neat that you’re in Denver just like we used to be. You know, there’s been more than a few people from Denver who in just this year have been in touch with us about moving to Spain and Denia/Valencia area.
Valencia is a fantastic city to consider living in. Doing a ‘scouting’ trip beforehand or not just depends on your own preference. It can work great either way. We had never been to Valencia before and simply made the move and rented an AirBnB in the historic center for the first four months. It was wonderful and really worked out great. We had messaged the owner on AirBnB to ask about a special rate for a longer rental and they gave us a great deal (and even though it was summer time). So AirBnB can be a great place to start and we recommend messaging the owner first. On the other hand, we moved here with minimal things and no furniture at all. We could see how if you were moving with furniture that you may want to do a trip a few months beforehand to find and arrange a place to rent.
Please do stay in touch! We would love to help with any other questions that you have. And that’s so neat that your daughter’s name is Amalia as well, same spelling and everything. It’s rare to find that!
Look forward to being in touch. Thanks again!
Thank you for your reply. I love the AirBnB idea. Especially since I’ll probably stay 6 months and don’t plan to bring much with me. I’ll look into it!
You’re so welcome Sarah. Let us know of any other questions you may have and have a great time.
Respected Amalia & Eric,
Thank you for taking time and sharing information with knowledgeable details.
My name is DEB a professional 57 years from India. I have visited Spain two times, recently in 2018. I like Spain and decided to settle in a Small town/ village in South Spain. I have a plan to purchase a small furnished house for two persons – myself and my wife in a small town/village. I prefer to stay in a village near to a Town/City. The village is near the sea area than it is good. I need your suggestion in two aspects 1). Please give me name of some small town/villages in South Spain where I can settle. I am a peaceful person prefer to live in a quite area in an independent house. No doubt transport is an issue in a small town/village, so I am thinking to have a second hand car. 2). I am from India and I have no big saving so I need to do some thing to maintain a daily life. At my age it is not possible to get a job in Spain, so I am thinking for some small business which I can do in a small town/City. Please suggest me some of income source that I can do with a small amount to maintain a minimum daily life. At least I can earn a minimum monthly 800 -1000 Euro. Please advice. Thanking you
Hi DEB. Thanks for being on our site. You have great questions. There’s a lot of options to consider and that we could recommend. We think that Denia is a nice town, but if you want something even more affordable we would recommend the town of Gandia. It’s also connected to Valencia by a train, where Denia isn’t. For income, we’re not sure what to recommend because it depends if you move here with a visa that allows you to work here or if you decide to work for yourself online. Hope that helps and that your move goes well!
Hello! Thanks for your article. Any ideas on where to search for jobs? Is it super people based as in wait til you get there or would you recommend trying to find one before arriving? I just got a masters in international development
Hi Sara, Thanks for your great questions. We would say that job searching here depends a lot on what area of Spain you’re in. If you base yourself in one of the cities, like Madrid, Valencia, or Barcelona, then finding one once you’re here can many times work. Either way, we would recommend that it doesn’t hurt to start looking and applying before you come. Regarding where to search, there are online resources like Internations: https://www.internations.org/ and LinkedIn. We hope that your move goes well and that we see you here again on our blog. Happy holidays!
Thanks for your informative blog. I am thinking of moving to Spain but am unsure on the area and your advice would be great. I am in my 60’s, gregarious but quiet and private. I am an artist so ideally would like to be near other creative/like minded people. I have lived by the sea all my life and need that to continue. I have some disability issues so steep roads are not ideal….also i can no longer drive so need good public transport. I think i am drawn to the Valencia area but am open to explore the south too….though previously i have struggled to find somewhere that is not all bingo and tourists on the coast!!!
Hello Polly. So glad that you found our site and thank you for being in touch. From what you’ve shared, I would highly recommend the Valencia area, and specifically the town where we live, Denia. It’s nice and flat in the very center, has decent public transportation, and is easy to get around without a car. It’s also right on the sea and has an authentic, Spanish community/culture and is a year-round town with plenty going on for when you like, or peace and quiet as well (depending on what part of the center you’re in). At the same time, it’s good to keep in mind that it’s 1.5-2 hours by bus to Valencia or about 2.5 hours by bus to Alicante (the major cities/airports in the area). There are certainly many other towns right on the water here in the Valencia Community that could meet your desires and needs. But hopefully that is a start. We hope that our blog can be a helpful resource for you and let us know of other questions you have. Thanks and best of everything in your search!
Hola Amalia & Eric,
I have read your post, and I have enjoyed reading over your key points to observe. Keep up the great work. Your posts are invaluable to people like us who are considering a move to Spain. I have read lots of articles and posts but are mostly geared toward other Europeans which some of the feedback may not apply to Americans. Your posts are more in-depth and cover a lot more things to be considered. Incidentally, I stumble into your blog by making a Google search “Living in Dénia Spain.”
Thank you so much Lionel. We’re so glad that our content is bringing value to people like you. It’s also wonderful to connect with others who can benefit from us sharing about our experiences moving to and living in Spain. Thanks for the encouraging feedback and letting us know how you found us – that is always helpful! Lastly, you touched on a great point, that a lot of information out there is not geared towards things that apply to Americans. We are all truly on the leading edge of that changing now, as more Americans are considering living in Spain or other parts of Europe, and those who already are, are sharing about it. It’s an exciting time! Look forward to seeing you here on our site, and in Denia soon!
Very interesting Thank you so much my wife and I are going to move out to Spain in two or three years, we keep finding wonderful property’s and then looking at the area, I would like to live in the country side but my wife like the coast so we have a problem.
You’re welcome John! We’re so glad to be helpful. You know, the Costa Blanca south of Valencia has a lot of great areas that are countryside but very close to the sea. The inland areas here are beautiful. It would be an ideal place for a ‘compromise’ and having the best of both worlds actually. Let us know if you have any other questions we can help with and enjoy your move to Spain!